Common Diseases of Dogs

All human being can get sick and our pets are no less. Although the health problems that our faithful friends usually have, they can be very varied. It happens to all of us that when we see our sick dogs, we have a very bad time because sometimes we do not know what is happening to them.

Here are some common diseases of dogs:

Canine Otitis

It is one of the most common diseases in dogs. It is the inflammation of the external auditory canal, caused by various reasons such as allergies, bacteria, an introduction of a foreign body or because our dog scratches excessively.

The symptoms seen in the dog are frequent shaking of the head and scratching of the ears, discharge of cerumen, red ear, a strong smell. In these cases, it is advisable to take it to the veterinarian and determine the causes in order to provide your dog with an adequate treatment.

 Distemper

Distemper is another of the most common diseases and that most concern the owners of pets. This disease is caused by a virus and is spread through the fluids of infected animals.

That is why it is very important that you observe your dog and if you notice that it is delayed, has a fever, does not want to eat or drink, is observed eruptions, it is very important that you go to the vet.

Severe cases of distemper, dogs become convulsed, tics and even paralysis. It is very difficult to cure distemper, that is why prevention is very important in this disease.

You have to vaccinate him when he is between 6 and 8 weeks old. Do not put your pet in contact with other dogs without first giving him the vaccine.

Canine Dermatitis

If your dog scratches often and did not do it before, you have to be alert because you may have a skin problem such as allergies or dermatological problems. Dermatitis can be caused by an internal disorder, by an allergy or by an environmental factor.

It may happen that at certain times of the year, your pet has dandruff in its fur, something that could be normal, but if you notice that it does not disappear, it could be because of dermatitis, so you should go immediately to the veterinarian.

 Cystitis

This disease affects more adult dogs than puppies. Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder caused by bacteria. The most common symptoms are increased urination, blood in the urine and difficulty urinating.

The causes can be very varied such as stones or tumors in the bladder and even an anomaly in the nervous system. In these cases it is very important that you go to the veterinarian, in the meantime, you must make sure that your dog drinks enough water and above all, you have to change the data.

Canine Leishmaniasis

This disease is known as “the silent disease” because it is infected by a mosquito. The most common symptoms usually appear of two types: the one that affects the skin and the one that is visceral.

If it is cutaneous, bald spots will appear on the skin, skin ulcers, overgrowth of the nails or formation of nodules. In the case that affects the viscera, it may be that your dog loses weight suddenly, is despondent, has swollen belly, suffer from diarrhea and even nosebleeds.

This disease is very difficult to cure completely and there is no vaccine either, so it can only be prevented by applying antiparasitic products, preventing your dog from sleeping outside and checking it regularly.

Canine Arthritis

This disease is very common in older dogs. It consists of a disorder of the joints due to the degeneration of the articular cartilage. The symptoms that appear in your dog are constant lameness, difficulty getting up, pain in the bones or difficulty in their movements.

In these cases, you have to consult your veterinarian and recommend specific exercises for these cases. A change in your diet is also very important, with dietary supplements and specific medications for the disease.

How to get rid of Fleas

fleasAccording to Wikipedia, Fleas are small flightless insects that form the order Siphonaptera.

As external parasites of mammals and birds, they live by consuming the blood of their hosts. Adults are up to about 3 mm (0.12 in) long and usually brown. Bodies flattened sideways enable them to move through their host’s fur or feathers; strong claws prevent them from being dislodged.

They lack wings and have mouthparts adapted for piercing the skin and sucking blood and hind legs adapted for jumping.

The latter enables them to leap a distance of some 50 times their body length, a feat second only to jumps made by froghoppers. Larvae are worm-like with no limbs; they have chewing mouthparts and feed on organic debris.

There are different varieties of fleas even though most people are more familiar with the dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis). Fleas feed on blood and other waste products of their hosts such as dogs, cats, and rodents. In the absence of their natural hosts, some variations have been known to attack humans.

Fleas have been known to carry and spread diseases such as the bubonic plague and myxomatosis, with studies showing that more than 100 species of fleas can be infected by the plague bacillus which they, in turn, can transfer to human hosts.

Symptoms of Flea Infestation

Infestation by fleas is typically characterized by skin inflammation and itching. In cases of severe infection, death of the infected host may occur due to blood loss as a result of flea bites

Getting Rid Of Fleas

Since fleas invade both hosts and their surroundings, top ways to get rid of fleas include cleaning and treating all spaces your pet spends time. Remove all waste materials and debris from your yard and your pets’ cage. This is especially useful in exposing flea larvae and eggs to chemical products meant to destroy fleas. Clean and treat your yard and your pet’s favorite spots at regular intervals to prevent re-infestation in your home.

For eliminating fleas on your pet, it is advisable to contact your vet. He will prescribe special flea control product(s) which should be applied at regular intervals to keep your pet flea free. These products typically come in form of sprays, shampoos, collars, and pills. Your vet would decide which product is most suitable for your pet.

Walking Your Dog Guidelines

Dogs are incredible animals capable of learning many orders in order to please us (and get treats). Among the commands that can be learned, we find walking with us, very useful and beneficial if we want to take it loose in some places and not run any danger.

In this article, we are going to offer you some tips so that you know how to teach your dog to walk beside you step by step using positive reinforcement as a basic tool.

canine jumpingRemember that positive reinforcement greatly improves animal perception and their ability to learn. Of course, before you start you should know that the fact that your dog is ahead of you does not mean that it is dominant, it just tries to enjoy the walk relaxed sniffing and discovering new stimuli.

Teaching the order for the dog to walk next to you will be essential to make sure that you do not escape on an outing, but that does not mean that you should take your dog to your side constantly stuck, you should allow him to express himself freely and enjoy as any animal would.

We recommend that you only use positive reinforcement, a technique recommended by professionals that allows you to quickly assimilate what you want to teach our dog. Let’s start off by making some treats for dogs of various snacks if you do not have any at your disposal you can use some chunks of ham.

Now that you have a treat that you like, let’s go down to the street to start with the training. Once the dog has already done his business we will start educating him to walk next to us, we recommend that you look for a quiet and isolated area.

Once they are there you can practice all the new commands that you have been teaching for the last while.  It helps if you have some dog-related hardware when walking them, like a good leash or a muzzle if they are aggressive.  If you need some ideas check out a dog site like this one www.bestdogcrates.net for motivation and ideas. That’s it for today we hope you enjoyed the article, and wish you best of luck on your next dog walk.